Two or three years ago, I remember being struck when talking to project managers involved in the National Health Service, Connecting for Health project, that they all seemed to have a determination to deliver their part of the project, no matter what constraints and misdirections they received from senior managers. How things are changed. As Lynda Bourne (Stakeholder Relationship Management and Advising Upwards) argues very convincingly in her paper at the PMI EMEA Congress in Italy in May, the future for the project management hero doesn’t look promising. The good news is that she does offer a clear alternative but one that requires the project manager to learn how to delegate, motivate and communicate. Heroes come in many shapes and forms, but whatever role you choose to adopt for your projects, it seems that that of the Spartans at Thermopylae is contra-indicated!